Iran Gas Oil Exporter
The majority of it commonly used light fuel oils consist of “straight-run” gas oils or vacuum gas oils, i.e. products from atmospheric or vacuum crude oil distillation. Light fuel oil thus can be normally regarded as the mid-boiling cut of crude oil (“middle distillate”).
Light fuel oil is ubiquitously used as bunker oil in ships of all sizes, from small pleasure craft to the biggest container ships or tankers. But the origin of light fuel oil may also be land-based sources for example storage tanks or Gas Oil engines.
consequently, the “identity” or “match” found between a spilled sample and a comparison sample often is not very significant because there may be many possible sources of a light fuel oil spill. For example, a particular batch of light fuel oil from a bunker station supplies many ships, and it is often difficult or even impossible to take samples from all potential sources. In some cases, the “identity” between a spilled sample and a sample from a possible source may be virtually meaningless, the only certainty being that the comparison sample has actually been taken from one of the many potential sources.
Due to these limitations, close cooperation with the prosecuting authorities is advisable. After determining of the light fuel oil in the main characteristics by GC screening (mentioned below) in-depth analyses must be only be informed if they are justified by the particular circumstances of the case for saving costs and laboratory resources.
Once released onto the water surface, light fuel oils spread very sharply. Forming of very large and thin films will happen in open waters.
According to the thin oil film, just small sample volumes can be obtained from such spills, and there is a high risk of sample contamination by organic pollutants or natural, biogenic compounds from the surrounding water.
Gas Oil keeps the world economy moving. From consumer goods moved around the world, to the generation of electric power, to have more efficiency on farms, Gas Oil is the key point in strengthening the global economy and the standard of living. mostly Gas Oil is used:
- On-road transportation
- Rail transportation
- Marine shipping
- Off-road uses (e.g., mining, construction, and logging)
- Electric power generation
- Military transportation
Gas Oil Production
Primary crude oil cuts in the ordinary refinery which is containing gases, light/heavy naphtha, kerosene, light Gas Oil, heavy Gas Oil, and residue. Many final products stream obtained from these intermediate refinery product streams, including fuel gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, auto Gas Oil, lubricants, bunker oil, asphalt, and coke. The entire refinery technology involves careful manipulation of various feed properties using both chemical and physical changes. In fact, a process refinery can be assumed as a combination of both physical and chemical processes or unit operations and unit processes respectively. originally, in a refinery, the dominant physical process is the process of distillation that enables lighter components removed from the components that are heavier. The other chemical processes, for example, alkylation and isomerization are equally important in refinery engineering as these processes enable the reactive transformation of various functional groups to desired functional groups in the product streams.